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Bachelor of Nursing Science Course, BNS Program

The Bachelor of Nursing Science, commonly known as the BNS course, is a 3 to 4 years undergraduate degree within the realm of medical science.

It represents a relatively recent addition to this sector, gaining prominence as a suitable alternative to the traditional BSc Nursing course in Nepal.

Overview

The Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNS) is an undergraduate academic program that specializes fundamental aspects of both medical and nursing disciplines.

The program's curriculum encompasses a broad spectrum of subjects, including:-

  • Nursing Skills, Research, and Clinical Practice
  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Patient Assessment
  • Community Health Informatics
  • Medical-Surgical Nursing

The Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNS) course is designed to offer a thorough and inclusive approach to the study of various facets within the nurturing field.

Its principal aim is to equip BNS graduates with the required skills and knowledge and deliver preventive and rehabilitative care in a variety of healthcare settings.

The BNS course delves deeply into the theoretical and practical dimensions of nursing. Successful completion of this program mandates students' rigorous involvement in both a challenging theoretical examination and a practical assessment.

Presently, there exist four distinct areas of specialization within the BNS course. They are:-

  • Community Health
  • Adult Health
  • Child Wellness
  • Psychiatric

The Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNS) course was established in Nepal with the aim of producing highly skilled mid-level professionals. Since its inception, this program has effectively achieved its goal of delivering excellent education and expertise.

Currently, there is a multitude of universities and educational institutions that include the BNS course in their academic curriculum. These include:

  • Tribhuvan University (TU)
  • Kathmandu University (KU)
  • Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)
  • Madhesh Institute of Health Sciences (MIHS)
  • Karnali Academy of Health Sciences (KAHS)
  • Pokhara Academy of Health Sciences (PoAHS)
  • Rapti Academy of Health Sciences (RAHS)

The Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNS) course has been thoughtfully designed to equip students with the essential competencies and understanding necessary to excel in the field of healthcare.

This thoughtfully designed curriculum aims to prepare individuals with the comprehensive skills and knowledge essential for success in the dynamic and demanding healthcare environment.

General Information about BNS Course

The Bachelor of Nursing Science, commonly referred to as BNS course in Nepal typically has a standard duration of three years, although there are some exceptions. For instance, Kathmandu University offers a BNS program that spans a four-year period.

The table provided below offers a comprehensive overview and outlines the overall structure of the Bachelor of Nursing Science course in Nepal. 

University/ Institutions

Duration (in years)

Number of Colleges

Number of Seats (approx.)

TU

3

13

345

KU

4

3

80

PU

3

29

360

Pokhara University

3

2

40

NAMS

3

1

60

PAHS

3

1

50

MIHS

3

1

20

KAHS

3

1

20

PoAHS

3

1

20

RAHS

3

1

20

The chart provided illustrates a comparative analysis of the Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNS) program, focusing on the number of colleges offered within different universities.

Objective of BNS

In general, the primary objective of a Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNS) course is to prepare students for a career in this field by providing them with the knowledge, skills, and competencies needed to excel in the field. Here are some common objectives:-

  • To provide students with a strong foundation in clinical skills and practice, enabling them to deliver safe and effective patient care.
  • To educate students in nursing theory and evidence-based practices, ensuring they have a strong theoretical understanding of healthcare principles.
  • To teach students the importance of patient-centered care, including communication, empathy, and cultural competence, in delivering healthcare services.
  • To cultivate critical thinking and problem-solving skills so that students can assess patient needs, make informed decisions, and adapt to changing healthcare environments.
  • To familiarize students with ethical and legal principles in fitness maintenance, including patient rights, confidentiality, and ethical dilemmas, to ensure they practice within legal and ethical boundaries.
  • To equip students with leadership and management skills necessary for roles in healthcare settings, including supervisory and administrative positions.
  • To introduce students to research methodologies and evidence-based practice, enabling them to critically evaluate research findings and apply them to patient care.
  • To encourage collaboration with other healthcare professionals, such as doctors, pharmacists, and therapists, to promote comprehensive patient care.
  • To educate students on the principles of health promotion and disease prevention, emphasizing the importance of patient education and preventive care.

Eligibility for BNS

 The minimum prerequisite to be fulfilled by the students for pursuing the Bachelor of Nursing Science course in Nepal may vary among different universities and academic institutions. The common eligibility criteria for studying the BNS program are as follows:
  • You must have completed a 3-year proficiency certificate level program in nursing from a recognized institution, and your overall marks should be 50% or higher.
  • Applicants should be in good physical and mental health.

Entrance Exam

Applicants are required to pass the entrance exam conducted by the respective colleges and universities with a minimum score of 50 percent.

Scope of BNS

The Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNS) course degree can open up a wide range of career opportunities in the healthcare field. The demand for nurses is consistently high, and nurses play a crucial role in healthcare systems worldwide.

Here are some career paths and job opportunities for BNS graduates:-

  • Registered Nurse (RN): Most BNS graduates pursue careers as registered nurses. RNs provide direct patient care, administer medications, and collaborate with other healthcare professionals to coordinate patient care. They are able to work in a variety of healthcare environments like clinics, and hospitals.
     
  • Specialized Nursing Roles: BNS program graduates can choose to specialize in areas such as pediatric, critical care, oncology, psychiatric nursing, and more. Specialization frequently necessitates further training and certification.
     
  • Nurse Practitioner (NP): With further education (usually a Master of Science in Nursing or Doctor of Nursing Practice), BNS course graduates can become nurse practitioners.

    NPs have advanced clinical skills and can diagnose and treat illnesses, order diagnostic tests, and prescribe medications in many states.
     
  • Nurse Educator: Some BNS graduates pursue careers as nurse educators, teaching students in academic institutions. They may work in nursing schools, colleges, or universities.
     
  • Nurse Administrator/ Manager: Nurse administrators or managers are responsible for overseeing nursing staff, budgets, and patient care units in healthcare facilities. They play a critical role in ensuring the efficient operation of healthcare organizations.
     
  • Public Health Nurse: Public health nurses work to improve the health of communities and populations. They may be involved in wellness program, disease prevention, and community education programs.
     
  • Home Health Nurse: Home health nurses provide care to patients in their homes, often working with individuals who have chronic illnesses or disabilities. They help patients with medication management, wound care, and other healthcare needs.
     
  • Travel Nurse: Travel nurses work on short-term assignments in various healthcare facilities across different geographic locations. They have the opportunity to experience different healthcare settings and locations.

The job prospects for BNS graduates are generally strong due to the ongoing need for healthcare professionals. However, job availability and specific requirements may vary by location and specialization.

Additionally, continuing education and certification can enhance career opportunities and earning potential in the field of nursing.

Fee Structure of BNS

Fee Structure

The cost of studying the Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNS) course in Nepal may vary across different colleges and universities. The approximate fee structure of this degree is elaborated in the table below:-

University/Institution

Cost (in NPR est.)

TU

3,00,000  7,00,000

KU

5,18,000 to 6 lakhs

PU

5,18,000 to 6,00,000

PAHS

10 to 13 lakhs

MIHS



Under Review

KAHS

PoAHS

RAHS

Scholarship

Students enrolled in the Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNS) course have the opportunity to access a range of scholarships provided by various colleges and universities, which are awarded based on their performance in the entrance examination.