Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery

The history of Ayurveda dates back to civilization in the Indian subcontinent context. It is one such medicinal practice which is developed in ancient times and practiced in the modern era.

Even though Ayurveda is considered pseudoscientific it is still relevant. There are even institutes providing Ayurvedic teaching. It even gained tremendous popularity across the world amidst the pandemic. 

Overview of Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery or simply BAMS course is an undergraduate program in the field of alternative medicine. It is created in such a way that it familiarises students with the integrated principles of Modern Medical Science and Traditional Medicines. 

Those individuals who are interested in natural and ancient system medicine can pursue the BAMS course.

BAMS Course in Nepal

Nepal is embedded deep into Hindu traditions and beliefs. Because of this, the nation has played a significant role in the preservation, practice and development of Ayurveda. Since Nepal is home to various medicinal and herbal plants it is the perfect place for Ayurvedic practitioners. 

According to history, Rajakiya Ayurveda Vidhyalaya was the first in the country to begin technical education in 1993 BS.

The Government of Nepal founded the National Academy of Ayurveda in 1952 intending to offer advanced education and training in the subject. 

Ayurveda Campus was later formed by the merging of the Government of Nepal’s Ayurved Vidyalaya and Chikitsalaya with the Institute of Medicine in 1972 AD.

The ayurvedic education has ever since developed in Nepal. The Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery was introduced. Currently, 2 universities provide this course, they are: 

  • Tribhuvan University (TU) 
  • Nepal Sanskrit University (NSU) 

General Information

BAMS course in Nepal is an undergraduate degree of five and a half years. The program is divided into 3 professional courses, each of 18 months. It is followed by a year of required internship.

Currently, there are only 2 universities that have BMS courses. The available seats are also comparatively low. Let us look at the table below to see about the total available seats and number of colleges. 


No. of Seats

No. of Colleges







The BMS course syllabus is designed to produce skilled individuals in the field of Ayurveda. Students learn about the Ayurvedic principles, treatments, teachings, and holistic approaches towards healthcare. 

The curriculum covers the history of Ayurved, its principles and techniques. Students are provided with valuable knowledge of the ancient text. They will also learn about the modern sciences with integration into Ayurveda. 

Let us look into some topics that the course covers during its span.

  • Human Anatomy and Physiology
  • Pharmacognosy and Pharmacology
  • Yoga and Naturopathy
  • Pharmacy and Pharmaceutics
  • Forensic medicine and Toxicology
  • Pathology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Surgery

After graduating with the course students will gain comprehensive theoretical knowledge as well as hands-on experience through lab work and projects and a compulsory internship. They will be capable individuals in the field of Ayurveda ready to pursue their careers.

Universities Offering Course Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
Tribhuvan University
Nepal Sanskrit University

Objectives of Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery

The primary objective of the BASM course is to educate individuals about different Ayurvedic principles and practices. It provides them with the history and the modern practices which will increase the subject’s insight among students. 

The primary purpose of the BAMS course is as follows:

  • To create graduates with a thorough knowledge of the science of Ayurveda, as well as practical training.
  • To equip students with a basic comprehension of the many topics within the discipline.
  • To create highly competent and qualified people who, in the long run, can successfully fill the positions of teachers, researchers, and capable practitioners in the field of Ayurveda.
  • To create graduates who can uphold the moral, ethical, and professional standards necessary to enhance the country's healthcare industry through the use of Ayurveda.

Career and Scope of Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery

With the popularity of Ayurveda in the modern era, the scope of Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery is expanding. Various Ayurveda hospitals and institutes are operating in the nation where students can seek their careers. 

The scopes of the BAMS course are as follows: 

  • Ayurvedic Hospitals: Individuals who completed the BAMS course can work in Ayurvedic hospitals as doctors after registering themselves with the council. This is one of the most in-demand jobs for graduates. 
  • Private Practice: With proper knowledge and license, the BAMS course passouts can practice Ayurveda by opening their private clinics. 
  • Wellness Centres: Throughout the BAMS course, the students learn about different ayurvedic therapies to keep the body in the possible perfect conditions. After passing out students can work in the wellness centers to provide their knowledge to the public. They can also open their own well-being company. 
  • Nutritionist: Those with BAMS degrees are knowledgeable about the nutritional value that food carries. They can work as nutritionists in the ayurvedic hospitals. They can even start their own business in the related field. 
  • Research Officer: Ayurvedic medicine and practices are hugely based on complex herbal compounds obtained from herbs and medicinal plants. The graduates of BMS courses can work as the researchers to find new ways of practices or combinations. 
  • Pharmaceutical Industry: The Ayurvedic Pharmaceutical Industry requires someone with the knowledge and the expertise in the field. BAMS degree holders can pursue their careers in these companies and help develop medicines.
  • Academia: The scholars of the BAMS course can pursue their education to receive a master’s degree in ayurvedic medicine and practices. They can also work as teachers.

Eligibility Criteria of Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery

Students should meet the following criteria to be eligible to study the BAMS course: 

  • Should have completed 10+2 in the science stream (Biology) 
  • Should have secured an aggregate of at least 50% (in percentile) or C+ (in letter grading system) or 2.4 CGPA (in grading system) in intermediate or equivalent level. 
  • Should have cleared the entrance examination conducted by the university with at least 50%.

Admission Requirements

The universities providing the BAMS course open an application for the program. The students however have to attend the entrance examination to be able to study the program. The notice regarding the admission test is posted on the official website.

Some key details about the entrance examination

  • Multiple choice questions are asked in the entrance examination. 
  • The total marks of the entrance is 100. 
  • There will be 4 choices in one question. 
  • To secure a seat, students must score at least 50% of the full marks.
  • There might be negative markings. It depends upon the policy of the university. 
  • The marks obtained by students on the test will be considered while preparing the merit list for scholarships.

If you pass the admission test and are about to be admitted to your preferred college, the following documents might be required.  

  • Marksheet, character, and proof certificate of SEE/ SLC
  • Transcript, mark sheet and migration, and character certificate of 10+2 or any equivalent course
  • Copy of citizenship
  • Admit card for entrance exam

Fee Structure

Ayurveda is a subject of the medical field. Studying it might be expensive when compared with other courses. The BAMS course fees in Nepal depends upon the university. 

However, the BAMS course fees in Nepal is between NPR 10,50,000 to 12,00,000. 


Among the total scholarship seats for the BAMS course, 55% is separated for general while the remaining 45% is for the reservation. The reservation seats are further divided into different groups according to the student’s background. 

Please note that students must have studied in Governmental school from class 6 to 10 to apply for the quota scholarships.

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