Bachelor of Education(B.Ed)

Bachelor of Education(B.Ed)

According to a quote from Nelson Mandela, education is a powerful weapon that can be used to change the world. He signified the importance of education for a person and even for the whole globe. 

Education gives people the information, abilities and platform they require to understand the world around them and even themselves. It contributes to personal development and eventually, it will work as a catalyst for societal advancement.

Overview of Bachelor of Education(B.Ed)

Teachers are those individuals who share their knowledge and wisdom with the students and impart them with the same. A competent teacher can help in students' learning process and personal development.

The Bachelor of Education is an undergraduate course responsible for producing such teachers. The course is designed to provide society with educators who teach not the specialized subjects but the ethics and core values of humanism.

BEd Course in Nepal

The first modern school, Durbar High School, was founded by the nation's then-ruling Rana family in 1853 AD, marking the official beginning of Nepal's educational system. It underwent various ups and downs along with different political agendas. But, it always evolved and currently, it stands strong.

Individuals capable of educating the freshers were imported from India back in the day. Eventually, skilled educators emerged in the country who shared their knowledge and skills.

Bachelor of Education is the course that was introduced to produce capable high school teachers. Starting from 1996, Tribhuvan University (TU) started providing a 3-year BEd course in Nepal which later was changed into a 4-year curriculum in 2072 BS.

Including TU, 3 universities in Nepal provide the BEd course as of now. They are:

  • Tribhuvan University (TU)
  • Far-Western University (FWU)
  • Purbanchal University (PU)

General Information

Bachelor of Education or BEd course is an undergraduate degree designed to produce capable secondary-level teachers. The duration of the program is 3 to 4 years depending upon the universities.

As mentioned earlier, there are a total of three universities in Nepal providing the course through more than 500 affiliated colleges.

However, other universities in Nepal also provide the Bachelor of Education with certain specializations. They are.

  • Kathmandu University provides a Bachelor of Education in Chinese Language Teaching
  • Mid-Western University provides a Bachelor of Educational Science in:
  1. Education, Planning and Management
  2. English
  3. Health and Physical Education
  4. Mathematics
  5. Nepali

Course Structure

The BEd course structure may vary depending on the institution. However, the basic element is the same in every syllabus. The topics this program covers are similar and are designed to produce a capable educator.

The course requires students to specialize in one or two subject areas. These are the areas they can teach at the high school level. The number of specializations depends upon the university. 

Universities Offering Course Bachelor of Education(B.Ed)
Tribhuvan University
Purbanchal University
Far Western University

Objectives of Bachelor of Education(B.Ed)

The primary purpose of the Bachelor of Education course is to prepare efficient and qualified educators.Individuals pursuing BEd courses will have the knowledge and skills to excel in the teaching field.

Now, let us look at the key objectives of the program:

  • To help develop pedagogical skills, classroom management abilities, and a deep understanding of educational theories and practices are very important for any educator.
  • To provide educators with a grasp of child development and psychology because they deal with a large number of children from various backgrounds. It will aid them in understanding the emotional requirements of the kid.
  • To produce capable individuals who can contribute to the development and the update of the curriculum to meet the educational standards of the institution or a country.
  •  To teach the pupils about the ethics and moral code of a teacher.
  • To provide the learners with the assessment and evaluation skills that they will require as a teacher. 

Career and Scope of Bachelor of Education(B.Ed)

Bachelor of Education is a course where students specialize in certain subjects which they can teach at the high schools after graduating. However, teaching is not the only scope for the BEd degree passouts.

The following listed are some of the scopes of the Bachelor of Education course:

  • Teaching: One of the purposes of the BEd course is to produce professional teachers who are capable of teaching various subjects depending on their specialization. The graduates can work as teachers in primary or secondary schools.
  • Curriculum Developer: It requires an expert who understands the various aspects and importance of education to develop and update the curriculum of certain courses. Such individuals can enhance the education system of the country.
    The BEd course degree holders can work as curriculum developers and design curricula for any educational institution.
  • Trainer: Teaching is not an easy job. Just understanding the subject does not make a good teacher. He/She should have skills to make others understand the subject matter and along with it should possess pedagogical skills. They should also have an understanding of child development to interact with them.
    The Bachelor of Education pass-outs can choose to train primary or secondary level teachers about all these aspects.
  • Government Sector: Governments launch different campaigns to educate those who are unable to read and write about different topics like public health, traffic safety, Anti-drug, human rights, and many more.
    It takes an educated and capable person to teach people about these topics. They give them the necessary knowledge and answer any questions that might arise. BEd graduates can be these educators.
  • NGOs/INGOs: Similar to the government’s campaigns, different kinds of NGOs/INGOs launch their programs with similar intentions. They also seek help from the BEd course holders to work for them which can be the perfect job prospect for many.
  • Researcher: The education field should be up to date which is possible through good research. So if the BEd course scholars are interested in exploration then they can conduct studies to improve the teaching methods and curriculums to strengthen the education system of the country.

Besides these, students after passing out of the BEd course with a business mindset can open their own schools or educational institutions offering a certain kind of education. They can even open training centers for teachers and corporate employees.

Pursuing a higher education degree is another option for them as well. They can first get the postgraduate degree and finally the Ph.D.

Eligibility Criteria of Bachelor of Education(B.Ed)

The eligibility criteria to study BEd courses in Nepal can vary depending upon the subject major they choose for their undergraduate program. But the basic requirements are provided below:

  • Should have completed their 10+2 or equivalent level with a minimum of 45% of D+ grade.
  • If the university administers an entrance examination, the applicants must clear it.

Admission Requirement

If any applicants are eligible to study the BEd course, they should proceed to admission by submitting the required documents. The following paperwork might be required.

  • Marksheet and character certificate of S.E.E or S.L.C.
  • Mark sheet, Transcript, migration, and character certificate of 10+2 or equivalent level.
  • Copy of citizenship or passport

Fee Structure

The fee structure of the BEd course is comparatively cheaper when compared with other undergraduate programs. However, there are irregularities among these costs depending upon the type of college. Private colleges tend to charge more fees than government-funded institutions.

The approximate cost in private colleges can range anywhere from NPR 1,50,000 to NPR 3,00,000. This range is lower in the public colleges. It is somewhere around NPR 30,000 to NPR 1,00,000.


Those who are pursuing the BEd course are provided scholarships either general or quota based on merit list and other different factors.

Students are advised to visit the preferred college for detailed information regarding scholarships. 

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