Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Agriculture

Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Agriculture

From the earlier days of human civilization to this date and even in the future, the role of agriculture is noteworthy. For any society, it is a source of food and raw materials.

The agricultural sector has evolved from its earliest days to the modern day where different new techniques and technologies are being used.

A Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (BSc AG) is an undergraduate education that covers these topics. It is an extremely important degree if we want to enhance the agricultural process in the future.

Overview of Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Agriculture

The BSc Agriculture course has a wide range of scope given that it's being challenged by climate change and global warming. It is this program that provides an education in this context and other various challenges.

This program intends to train agricultural development personnel in areas such as teaching, research, and management. It also provides its students with knowledge about the application of contemporary agricultural equipment and technology.

BSc Agriculture Course in Nepal

It is a known fact to every individual that Nepal is an agricultural country. The recent census shows that more than 7 million of the total population are engaged in agro occupation, forestry, or fishery.

Provided below is the graph byMPDI that showcases the Contribution of agriculture, and other various sectors to the gross domestic product (GDP). It proves that this sector plays an important role in contributing to the economy of the country.

agriculturegdpgraphbympdi

If we consider this fact, the importance of the BSc Agriculture course in the context of Nepal is evident. The need for individuals who are experts in the field and improve the sectors is of utmost importance for the country.

In 1957, the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS) was established. It started providing Intermediate Agricultural Science (I.Sc.Ag.) and eventually an undergraduate degree, BSc AG.

A separate institution by the name of Agriculture and Forestry University (AFU) was established back in 2010 AD.

Currently, 7 universities provide BSc Agriculture course, which is:

  • Tribhuvan University (TU)
  • Agriculture and Forestry University(AFU)
  • Kathmandu University (KU)
  • Purbanchal University (PU)
  • Madesh Agriculture University (MAU)
  • Far-west University (FWU)
  • Madhyapaschim University (MU)

General Information

BSc Agriculture course is a four-year undergraduate program. It largely focuses on agricultural science research and practice. There are a total of 8 semesters in the degree. 

7 universities in Nepal provide BSc Agriculture courses through their affiliated colleges, which is more than 30.

More than 2,000 seats are allocated by these universities for those students who are interested in studying for a BSc AG degree.

Now let us look at the table below. It provides a comparative insight into the number of seats affiliated to respective universities and the seats available. The credit hours of the BSc AG degree in the respective institution are also included.

Universities/Institutions

No. of Seats

No. of Colleges

Credit Hours

AFU

1040

17

165

TU

506

9

167

PU

242

3

166

FWU

100

1

166

MU

48

1

~165

KU

30

1

~165

MAU

50

1

~165

The curriculum of the BSc Agriculture in all the universities is vast covering different aspects required in the sector. Some of the areas that this course covers are listed below:

  • Agronomy
  • Agricultural Microbiology
  • Soil Science
  • Agro-ecology
  • Entomology
  • Aquaculture
  • Horticulture
  • Crop Disease and their Management
  • Dairy Science

Besides these, some of the other areas that this program covers are: Agrobiodiversity, Farming systems, Agribusiness, and Pest Management. The BSc AG program comprises these subjects and also includes work experience programs, lab work, field visits, and internships in some cases

So, after completing the 4-year BSc Agriculture course, the student will have a thorough knowledge of different fields like soil, animal, crop science, farming techniques, agribusiness management, and many more.

Universities Offering Course Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Agriculture
Tribhuvan University
Purbanchal University
Agriculture and Forestry University

Objectives of Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Agriculture

The BSc Agriculture course is designed to address the demand for experts in the agricultural industry of the country. It focuses on nurturing those individuals throughout its duration.

Some other purposes of the BSc Agriculture course are:

  • To provide students with the knowledge of agricultural science.
  • To expose them to the modern technology and techniques required in agro-industry.
  • To equip them with hands-on experience through lab work, field visits and even internships in some cases.
  • To produce a capable person in the related field who can identify the problems and solve them with a positive attitude.
  • To provide an individual with the agricultural history and prospects.
  • To promote sustainable and efficient agricultural practices 

Career and Scope of Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Agriculture

BSc AG graduates have ample job opportunities across different agricultural related fields. They can work for the government, private firms or NGOs and INGOs.

Some of the scopes are listed below:

  • Farming: The BSc Agriculture course graduates are exposed to modern farming technology and techniques. Using those, they can be farmers. They are responsible for developing techniques to grow the crops and maintain their health.
  • Researcher: After passing the degree, an individual can pursue a career as a researcher. They will be responsible for conducting research and developing new crop varieties.
  • Crop Scientists: Crop scientists are responsible for improving the quality of the crop and maximizing its yields. They develop practices for these purposes which are both affordable and efficient. This can be one of the career choices for a BSc Agriculture degree holder.
  • Academics:The BSc Agriculture course passouts can choose to study further to receive a master’s degree in different related subjects.They can also provide the knowledge they received by teaching in the colleges.
  • Work for Government: The governments seek capable BSc Agriculture course graduates to improve the overall agricultural aspects of the country.This can be the perfect career for the scholars as they will be responsible for providing training and fundamentals of farming to the farmers at the local level.
  • Work for Private Agriculture Organizations: Many private agrochemical, and agricultural biotechnology corporations and agribusinesses seek capable individuals with a BSc Agriculture course certificate in their company. An individual can work for such a private organization after graduating.

Besides these, there are some other job prospects for the BSc Agriculture pass-out students. They are:

  • Plant breeder
  • Agriculture engineer
  • Horticulturist
  • Sericulturists
  • Livestock farming
  • Agronomist
  • Field officer
  • Crop quality inspector

Eligibility Criteria of Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Agriculture

Most of the universities providing the BSc Agriculture course in Nepal have similar eligibility criteria for the applicants who want to study the program. Students must meet the following requirements:

  • Should have completed 10+2 or any equivalent level in the stream of science. They should have studied mathematics, physics, biology, and chemistry.
  • Must have taken the 100-mark Biology and Mathematics examination at the 10+2 level or equivalent level
  • Should have secured at least 50% in case of percentile or C+ grade in case of letter grading system or 2.4 in case of CGPA in the aggregate.
  • Should have separately secured 50% aggregate in physics, chemistry, and biology subjects.
  • Should clear the admission test conducted by the university.

The Purbanchal University however has a different criteria, instead of 50%, the aggregate percentile should be at least 45 or a CGPA of 2.0.

Admission Requirement

Anyone interested in pursuing a BSc agriculture course in Nepal must attend the entrance examination conducted by the university. The form is available on the university's website. Applicants must pay the fee for the admission test beforehand through a trusted medium.

Some key details about the entrance examination

  • The type of questions asked is objective.
  • Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, English, Zoology, Botany, Agriculture, and general knowledge are the areas from where questions will be asked.
  • The total marks are 100 or 120 depending on the university.
  • Students have to secure at least 50 percentile to secure the seat.
  • The score obtained in the test will be taken into consideration while preparing the merit list for the scholarship.

If you are selected for a BSc Agriculture course you might have to submit the following documents for the admission procedure.

  • Marksheet, character, and proof certificate of S.E.E/S.L.C
  • Transcript, mark sheet and migration, and character certificate of 10+2 or any equivalent course
  • Copy of citizenship

Fee Structure

The fee structure for the BSc Agriculture can vary depending on the university and the type of college.

Private colleges are more expensive than the government-funded colleges. The price also varies for the students with scholarships and those without them.

However, the table below provides an approximate fee for different universities.

Universities

Approximate fee structure (IN NPR)

Minimum

Maximum

AFU

2,50,000

8,00,00

TU

2,50,000

9,00,000

KU

8,00,000

9,00,000

MU

3,50,000

5,00,000

PU

3,00,000

11,00,000

FWU

3,00,000

5,00,000

MAU

3,00,000

5,00,000

Please note that the fee for studying a BSc Agriculture course in Nepal can fluctuate depending upon the college and the cost aforementioned is just an approximate value. 

Scholarships

Out of more than 2000 seats available for the BSc Agriculture course, 741 are allocated for the scholarships.

The scholarships are provided according to the government and the college’s policies. Its two types are, open and quota (reservation).

There is also provision for full and partial scholarships. All the tuition fees of the students will be waived in the first one while in the later one they might have to pay a certain amount.

Let us look at the table below to determine how the scholarships are distributed across different universities in Nepal.

Type of Seats

AFU

TU

PU

FWU

MU

KU

MAU

Total Available

1040

506

242

100

48

30

50

Total Scholarship

497

168

25

25

6

1

19

Open Scholarship

312

116

13

0

1

1

10

Quota Scholarship

185

52

12

25

5

0

9

Paying

543

338

217

75

42

29

31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The above table is converted into the chart below.

numberofseatsofbscag

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