Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Medical Laboratory Technology

Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Medical Laboratory Technology

From a patient's medical history and interview to clinical lab tests, doctors use different methods to diagnose diseases. They follow almost all the required procedures to find the accurate health condition of a person.

However, clinical lab tests are an integral process for diagnosing diseases. Clinicians can't assume the type of illness without examining the bodily fluids. These examinations are important as they provide data that is analyzed for diagnosis and treatment.

Expert individuals perform these tests. They are trained professionals with the proper education and understanding of the techniques and machines. They receive training, skills, and knowledge through vocational courses and undergraduate programs. Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology (BSc MLT) is one such degree.

Overview of Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Medical Laboratory Technology

BSc MLT course is an undergraduate degree that prepares students to work as laboratory technologists in hospitals and different health sectors. The program focuses on training and educating students on performing different diagnostic tests on blood, urine, tissue, and other bodily fluids.

Lab technicians are mandatory in health science. Without them, it is impossible to retrieve the information required for disease identification. The BSc MLT program trains laboratory professionals who can perform a variety of clinical laboratory tests while maintaining quality control and interpreting the results.

BSc MLT Course In Nepal

The history of laboratory services in Nepal dates back to the establishment of  Bir Hospital in  1947. The technicians to oversee the labs were initially exported or they were trained in foreign countries.

Nevertheless, in more recent years education regarding medical lab technology has been made available in Nepal through different vocational programs. BSc MLT course is the only undergraduate degree for this purpose in the country.

It was first introduced at Maharajgunj Campus in 1987 in affiliation with Tribhuvan University. Later other universities also started providing this degree. Currently following institutions actively teaches BSc MLT course in Nepal;

  • Tribhuvan University (TU)
  • Pokhara University (PoU)
  • Kathmandu University (KU)
  • Purbanchal University (PU)
  • Rajarshi Janak University (RJU)
  • B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS)
  • Madan Bhandari Academy of Health Sciences (MBAHS)
  • Madhesh Institute of Health Sciences (MIHS)

General Information about BSc MLT Course

Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology, BSc MLT course in short form is a 4-year semester-wise undergraduate degree in the field of clinical science. The approximate credit hour of this program is 140. It varies depending on the curriculum structure of the respective universities.

When compared to the Clinical Imaging Technology degree, both the number of colleges and seats for BSc MLT courses is higher, despite both of them being technological programs in the field of health science.

There are a total of 22 institutions in Nepal, either affiliated with a university or privately providing the BSc Medical Laboratory Technology course. The total number of seats for this program allocated by the GoN is 381.

The table below compares the number of seats and colleges of different universities/institutions that provide the BSc MLT course.



No. of Colleges

No. of Seats

























The above table is converted into the column chart which is provided below:

Course Structure

The BSc MLT course structure is designed in such a way that it provides students with the proper training and education on the usage of machines and instruments in the laboratory to examine bodily fluids. Along with this, they learn the proper methods to conduct various pharmaceutical tests.

The format of the BSc MLT course requires students to learn about the various types of laboratory tests, and ways to execute them correctly and safely. It also ensures that students are capable of interpreting the results.

Throughout the program, students learn different topics like microbiology, biochemistry, health and diseases, laboratory science, cell biology, and many more. Below listed are the major areas that the BSc MLT course structure covers:

  • Hematology
  • Pathology
  • Histopathology
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Anatomy
  • Cytopathology

Since, students will be equipped with knowledge, skills, and experience through lab work, research, and internships, they will be able to grab different job opportunities in the related field after completing the BSc MLT course.

Universities Offering Course Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Medical Laboratory Technology
Tribhuvan University
Pokhara University
Purbanchal University

Objectives of Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Medical Laboratory Technology

The primary purpose of the BSc MLT course is to provide students with the knowledge and training to develop the necessary skills to perform laboratory tests. The other objective of the program is as follows:

  • To produce competent manpower in the laboratory field.
  • To carry out a variety of clinical and non-clinical research processes.
  • To carry out administrative duties, including monitoring quality controls and the regular reporting of laboratory results.
  • To help in the interpretation of the results of the tests.
  • To Examine and improve the current Medical Laboratory Science procedures.

Career and Scope of Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Medical Laboratory Technology

It is assured that pursuing a BSc MLT course opens wide career prospects for the students. This educational program focuses on producing lab technicians and they are always sought after by hospitals and health-related organizations.

In addition to that, different research centers, both at the national and international levels, seek experts who can work in labs and obtain the most accurate results possible. Here are some of the job prospects for the graduates of the BSc MLT course:

  • Medical/Clinical laboratory technician
  • Pathologist
  • Microbiologist
  • Hematologist 
  • Biochemist
  • Cytotechnologist
  • Immunology technician
  • Research assistant
  • Laboratory manager

Eligibility Criteria of Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Medical Laboratory Technology

Those students who are interested in studying the BSc MLT course for their undergraduate degree must meet the following criteria to be eligible to study it:

  • Should have studied Biology, Chemistry, and Physics in their intermediate. Or They should have taken the science stream at an equivalent level.
  • Should have secured at least 50% in the case of percentile or C+ grade in the case of letter grading system or 2.4 in the case of CGPA in the aggregate.
  • Should clear the admission test conducted by the university.

Admission Requirement

The students should first pass the entrance exam conducted by the university/institution to be enrolled in the BSc MLT course in Nepal. They have to fill out the form with the correct information to sit in the admission test. It will be available on the official website of respective universities.

Here are some key details about the entrance examination that students might find useful

  • The type of questions are objective.
  • The questions will be asked in the field of science and Mental Agility Tests  (MAT) are Total marks- 200
  • Exam Duration- 3 hours
  • Pass marks- 100 marks (50%)
  • The admission test result will be considered while creating the merit list for the scholarship.

If students clear the entrance exam and are selected for the admission procedure, the college administration might demand the following documents;

  • Marksheet, character, and proof certificate of S.E.E/S.L.C
  • Transcript, mark sheet and migration, and character certificate of 10+2 or any equivalent course
  • Copy of citizenship
  • Entrance examination admit card and result

Fee Structure

Multiple factors determine the fee structure for any degree. BSc MLT course being both a clinical and technological educational program might seem expensive to pursue. However, the fee structure is affordable.

The price structure for the program is on the higher side in the private colleges than the public campuses. However, it is to be noted that scholarships are provided to capable students. They can claim it to reduce the price of the course.

If we keep aside the scholarship aspect, the estimated fee for the BSc MLT course in Nepal ranges anywhere from NPR 6,00,000 to NPR 8,00,000. Students are advised to visit their preferred college’s administration or the official website to acquire information regarding the cost.


There are a total of 381 seats available for the BSc MLT course in Nepal. Out of this 121 is allocated for the full scholarship. 55% of the scholarship seat (67) falls under general while the remaining 45% (54) falls under quota reservation.

The distribution of the seats is shown in the PDF below.

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