MMBS Course, Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery Program

People are practicing medicine and surgery to overcome any diseases and injuries faced throughout human evolution. This practice has helped humans to survive through various pandemics and wars in history. The first known medical school was established in 1726 AD in Scotland. 

One of the important infrastructures of any country around the world is the health system. The development of the health system has a major impact on the positive progress of countries around the world. Bachelor in Medice and Bachelor in surgery (MBBS) program plays a very important role in the development of the health system of a country. MBBS program is an undergraduate program offered to student who are interested to pursue a career in Health Science. Nepal has also been positively impacted in development with the establishment of MBBS programs.


There is a high competition for a chance to study MBBS worldwide. Every child has once dreamt of choosing MBBS as their future career. This is also true when it comes to Nepal because the MBBS course is one of the well-respected fields of study. 

Some of the main subject which are taught while completing the MBBS course are given below: .

  • Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Radiology
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pathology
  • Microbiology
  • Forensic Medicine
  • Community Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Gynecology
  • Obstetrics
  • Pediatrics
  • Psychiatry

These are some of the major subjects taught during the MBBS course. The courses for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery(MBBS) might vary as per the requirements of any country. However, there are various elective subject that helps students to develop their knowledge in the field of their interests.

Which are the major subjects taught in the MBBS course in Nepal?

Some of the major subjects taught to the students of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery in medical colleges of Nepal are as follows:

-Anatomy of Humans






-Community health sciences

The curriculum of MBBS is focused on understanding the practical application of the knowledge to overcome any defects in human physiology. The students are able to gain skills to deal with patients and their diseases.

The MBBS program was started in Nepal by Institute of Medicine under the affiliation of Tribhuvan University in 1978. Curretly, there are several universities in Nepal that are offfering MBBS program to students. 

The universities that are offering MBBS degree to the students in Nepal are as follows:

  • Tribhuvan University (TU)
  • Kathmandu University (KU)
  • B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS)
  • Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)
  • Karnali Academy of Health Sciences (KAHS)

General Information about MBBS Course

It takes around five and half years to complete a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) course in Nepal. The first four years of MBBS are focused on developing an understanding of the theories related to medical science. The remaining one and a half years are focused on the practical implications of all that knowledge in real-life scenarios. 

The MBBS program in Nepal is looked after by the Nepal Medical Council. This council has constructed a guidelines for MBBS in Nepal in such a way that students are able to gain indepth understanding of various knowledge related to human physiology along with the medicinal sciences. A student who graduates with an MBBS degree from Nepal is well qualified to work as a professional doctor. The students have to pass the license exam conducted by NMC to work as professional doctor.

The essential data and comprehensive overview of the MBBS course in Nepal are presented in the table provided below.

University/ Factors


Number of Colleges

Number of Seats


5 and 1/2 years




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Patan Academy of Health Sciences

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Karnali Academy of Health Sciences

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Note: Students are offered seats and scholarships based on their ranking in entrance exams and academic background. There is a certain amount of reserved quota for students from certain backgrounds. Students should contact the university for their eligibility for a medical seat or scholarship. 

The following chart illustrates a comparative analysis of the MBBS course, highlighting the varying seat allocations across different universities.

Number of MBBS seats in Nepal

Based on the data presented in the provided chart, it is evident that both Kathmandu University and Tribhuvan University consistently admit the largest number of students annually for the MBBS course in Nepal.

objectives of Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

What is the purpose of the Bachelor in Medicine and Bachelor in Surgery(MBBS) for students in Nepal?

  • This course will lay out a strong foundation of anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, pathology and microbiology in students.
  • The MBBS course will help the students learn clinical skills by conducting physical examinations, diagnostic procedures, and dealing with patients.
  • This course intends to provide care to patients holistically or factually. This course fosters students with proper skills of communication and professionalism.
  • This course will develop critical thinking along will problem-solving abilities while identifying and treating medical conditions.
  • Students will be ethical, professional, and responsible regarding the medical practice after completing MBBS.
  • After completing the MBBS course, students will be well aware of public health issues and their role in creating a healthy community.
  • This course encourages the ability of students to research and develop cutting-edge ideas in the field of medical industry.
  • The Bachelor in Medicine and Bachelor in Surgery(MBBS) targets the development of communication skills of students among colleagues and with patients.
  • The MBBS course encourages students to work in collaboration for the welfare of patients.
  • Student
  • This course fosters a sense of lifelong learning and continuous professional development to keep up with advancement of medical science.
  • The MBBS course helps student to deal with the sensitive problems with diverse population of patients.
  • This course makes student aware of legal and ethical standards regulating the medical practice.
  • Students are expose with global health problems and the importance to address the discrepancy in medical healthcare worldwide.
  • This degree makes the students eligible for postgraduate study in medical field which helps them to specialize in various medical fields.

Eligibility for Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)


Entrance Exam

To enroll in the MBBS course in Nepal, prospective students are required to successfully pass the common entrance examination organized by the Medical Education Commission. 

What are the eligibility criteria to appear in Entrance Exam conducted by NMC for MBBS?

  • Students must have passed +2 from the science faculty or equivalent.
  • Students should have completed physics, chemistry, biology with individual grade not less than C+.

What is cost of Entrance Exam for MBBS?

-The cost of entrance exam for MBBS for nepalese student is Rs. 5000 and 100$ for international students.

Fee structure and scholarship of Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

Fee Structure

The management of tuition fees for the MBBS course in Nepal is administered jointly by the government and the Nepal Medical Council. The tuition fee might vary based on the university and rankings of students in the entrance exam conducted by NMC. An approximate cost for the MBBS program in various universities of Nepal are as follows:  


Cost (Approx.)


NPR 40,00,000 to NPR 45,00,000


NPR 39,00,000 to NPR 75,00,000


NPR 70,00,000 to NPR 80,00,000

Patan Academy

NPR 40,00,000 to NPR 50,00,000

Karnali Academy

NPR 40,00,000 to NPR 50,00,000


Students who achieve the highest rankings in the common entrance examination are qualified to participate in scholarship programs for the MBBS course in Nepal. There are also other types of merit-based scholarships granted by the Universities for medical students. Students should contact their respective universities to verify their eligibility for the available scholarship.

career and scope of Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

A Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) degree in Nepal can open up various career opportunities and job prospects. Nepal has a growing healthcare sector, and there is a demand for healthcare professionals, including doctors.

Here are some career options and job opportunities for MBBS graduates in Nepal:

  • MBBS graduates work as medical practitioners either in government or private hospitals in Nepal.
  • MBBS graduates can pursue postgraduate studies specializing in a particular field such as surgery, internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology, and many more as per the interest of an individual. 
  • MBBS graduates can work for various government departments having provision of medical science.
  • MBBS graduate can choose to start their private hospital.
  • MBBS graduates can pursue a career as a researcher or teacher in the medical field.  
  • MBBS graduates can work in diverse areas of public health and play a crucial role in addressing health-related challenges in Nepal.  
  • The students who graduate with an MBBS degree can also pursue a career in hospital administration where they can work as hospital administrators, medical directors, or quality assurance managers, ensuring efficient and effective healthcare delivery.
  • MBBS graduates also have the opportunities to work in the pharmaceutical industry as clinical researchers and in roles related to medical affairs.

What is salary of MBBS graduate in Nepal?

MBBS graduate gets good amount of money in Nepal. The average salary of MBBS graduates ranges between Rs.50,000-Rs.300,000 in Nepal based on their experience.

What is salary range of MBBS graduate all over the world?

Some countries which pay good salary for MBBS graduate are as follows:

Countries Approx. Average Salary Range Per Year
United States  $150,000-$350,000
Canada CAD 100,000-CAD 300,000
United Kingdom  £30,000 to £100,000
Australia               AUD 70,000 to AUD 200,000
Germany  €50,000 to €120,000

€40,000 to €90,000