Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

The Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, often referred to as MBBS is an undergraduate course within the field of medicine and surgery. It enjoys widespread popularity and is considered one of the most renowned educational pathways worldwide.

MMBS program has played a pivotal role in advancing the field of health sciences on a global scale, and Nepal is no exception to its transformative impact.

Overview of Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

The Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) course in Nepal is widely respected for its comprehensive curriculum. It also meets the educational needs of aspiring healthcare professionals.

MMBS course encompasses a broad spectrum of subjects within the fields of health and medicine. Some of them are:

  • Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Radiology
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pathology
  • Microbiology
  • Forensic Medicine
  • Community Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pediatrics
  • Psychiatry

The aforementioned fields and subjects constitute the core subjects of an MBBS program. However, variations and supplementary specialties and elective courses may be offered depending on the specific program and country of study.

The primary emphasis within the MBBS course curriculum lies in the practical aspects of medicine and surgery. To earn this degree, students need to thoroughly study all the complex parts of the medical field, which can be quite challenging.

The Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery program, commonly known as the MBBS course, was initially introduced in Nepal in 1978 by Tribhuvan University. Currently, several universities have included this program within their academic offerings.

The universities providing the MBBS degree in Nepal are as follows:

  • Tribhuvan University (TU)
  • Kathmandu University (KU)
  • B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS)
  • Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)
  • Karnali Academy of Health Sciences (KAHS)

The MBBS course in Nepal is meticulously designed to provide aspiring students with in-depth knowledge about the medical sciences, human anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, and clinical skills. So, it is necessary to become competent and compassionate healthcare professionals.

General Information about MBBS Course

The Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) course spans a duration of five and a half years in Nepal. Likewise, the specific structure varies as per the universities’ curriculum.

This comprehensive degree comprises four and a half years of academic instruction followed by a mandatory one-year internship. Moreover, it is essential for students to attain the status of a qualified medical practitioner.

The MBBS program in Nepal is overseen by the Nepal Medical Council (NMC). Also, aspiring students must clear the licensure examination conducted by the NMC in order to obtain official certification as medical professionals.

The essential data and comprehensive overview of the MBBS course in Nepal are presented in the table provided below.

University/ Factors


Number of Colleges

Number of Seats


5 and a half years




“” “”




“” “”


Patan Academy of Health Sciences

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Karnali Academy of Health Sciences

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Note: Please be informed that the seats allocated for the reserved quota and scholarship are included in the above table. If you want to find out the exact number of seats for scholarships, you can visit the official website of the respective university.

The following chart illustrates a comparative analysis of the MBBS course, highlighting the varying seat allocations across different universities.

Number of MBBS seats in Nepal

Based on the data presented in the provided chart, it is evident that both Kathmandu University and Tribhuvan University consistently admit the largest number of students annually for the MBBS course in Nepal.

Universities Offering Course Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
Tribhuvan University
Kathmandu University
Madan Bhandari Academy of Health Sciences
BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences

Objectives of Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

The fundamental goals of the MBBS course in Nepal are delineated as follows:

  • To provide students with a strong foundation in medical sciences, including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, pathology, and microbiology.
  • To develop clinical skills through hands-on training, including history-taking, physical examination, diagnostic procedures, and patient management.
  • To teach students how to provide holistic and evidence-based care to patients, emphasizing empathy, communication, and professionalism.
  • To foster critical thinking and problem-solving abilities in diagnosing and treating medical conditions.
  • To instill a strong sense of ethics, professionalism, and responsibility in medical practice.
  • To educate students about public health issues and their role in promoting community health and disease prevention.
  • To encourage research and innovation in the medical field, leading to advancements in healthcare.
  • To develop effective communication skills, both with patients and within the healthcare team.
  • To promote collaboration and teamwork among healthcare professionals for the benefit of patient care.
  • To instill a commitment to lifelong learning and continuous professional development to keep up with advances in medicine.
  • To train students to provide culturally sensitive care to diverse patient populations.
  • To ensure that students are aware of and adhere to the legal and ethical standards governing curative practice.
  • To expose students to global health issues and the importance of addressing healthcare disparities on a global scale.
  • To prepare students for further specialization in various medical disciplines through postgraduate training (residency programs).

Career and Scope of Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

A Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) degree in Nepal can open up various career opportunities and job prospects. Nepal has a growing healthcare sector, and there is a demand for healthcare professionals, including doctors.

Here are some career options and job opportunities for MBBS graduates in Nepal:

  • Medical Practitioner: Many MBBS graduates in Nepal work as medical practitioners, either in government or private hospitals, clinics, or as general practitioners in rural areas. They diagnose and treat various preventive conditions, provide healthcare advice, and prescribe medications.
  • Specialization: MBBS graduates can pursue postgraduate studies (MD/MS) in various medical specialties such as surgery, internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology, and more. Specialization can lead to opportunities in hospitals, private practice, or teaching positions in medical colleges.
  • Government Jobs: The Nepal government provides various job opportunities for MBBS graduates in government hospitals and healthcare institutions. These positions may include medical officers, district health officers, or public health officers.
  • Private Practice: Many MBBS graduates in Nepal choose to open their private clinics or join private hospitals. Running a private practice can be financially rewarding, but it also comes with the responsibility of managing a healthcare business.
  • Teaching and Research: MBBS graduates can pursue a career in medical education and research by joining colleges and universities as faculty members. This involves teaching medical students, conducting research, and publishing scientific papers.
  • Public Health: MBBS graduates can work in various public health positions, such as epidemiologists, health program managers, or health policy advisors. They play a crucial role in improving healthcare systems and addressing public health challenges in Nepal.
  • Hospital Administration: Hospital management and administration positions are available for MBBS graduates. They can work as hospital administrators, medical directors, or quality assurance managers, ensuring efficient and effective healthcare delivery.
  • Pharmaceutical Industry: Some MBBS graduates choose to work in the pharmaceutical industry, primarily in roles related to medical affairs and marketing, clinical research.

Eligibility Criteria of Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

In order to be eligible to participate in the entrance examination for the MBBS course, students are required to meet the following specified minimum criteria:

  • Applicants must have successfully completed the intermediate level (equivalent to +2) in Science stream with Biology as a mandatory subject.
  • Candidates are required to achieve a minimum of 50% marks in each of the subjects Biology, Physics, and Chemistry.

Entrance Exam

To enroll in the MBBS course in Nepal, prospective students are required to successfully pass the common entrance examination organized by the Medical Education Commission.

Fee Structure

The management of tuition fees for the MBBS course in Nepal is administered jointly by the government and the Nepal Medical Council. A breakdown of the approximate fee structure for this program across various universities is provided in the table below.


Cost (Approx.)


NPR 40,00,000 to NPR 45,00,000


NPR 39,00,000 to NPR 75,00,000


NPR 70,00,000 to NPR 80,00,000

Patan Academy

NPR 40,00,000 to NPR 50,00,000

Karnali Academy

NPR 40,00,000 to NPR 50,00,000

Note: The aforementioned represents the estimated fee structure for pursuing an Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery program in Nepal. It's important to acknowledge that the expenses associated with studying the MBBS course in Nepal can fluctuate depending on the specific colleges affiliated with different universities.


Students who achieve the highest rankings in the common entrance examination are qualified to participate in scholarship programs for the MBBS course in Nepal.

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