Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery | Tribhuvan University

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is a four and half year program which is followed by one year internship training. MBBS is one of the most valued degrees in Nepalese society. The Undergraduate medical program known as MBBS was started from 1978 by Tribhuvan University (T.U). The medical education like MBBS is community oriented, integrated and problem based study.  The curriculum of MBBS signifies the innovation in the medical education.

The timely exposure of ‘graduates in line’ to community based learning system, and medical ethics and clinical teaching makes them motivated towards self-learning and aware them the importance of this esteemed course.  The course of study of MBBS degree has been divided into three phases. They are:

Course of study

First Phase:

During the first two year (First Phase), the community medicine, basic medical science and ethics and clinical exposure take place. The students must pass in all subjects to get promoted to second phase.


Final examination takes place at the end of every phase i.e. at the end of every two academic year where it is compulsory to pass first phase to get promoted into the second phase. First of all, students must have to pass system assessment in order to write yearly examination of final. For failed students, supplementary examination will be held after the six weeks of first phase’s result publication. If any student fails the supplementary exam again then he/ she has to take the supplementary exam with the new regular batch.

Second phase:

The second phase lasts for 1 year where the students get to study forensic medicine, community medicine as well as clinical disciplines. The clinical ward placement with theoretical commence is the general philosophy of second phase and students are made competent with it in the third phase.


In the second phase, students must have to attend the final examination of forensic medicine, applied epidemiology and family health exercise. It is compulsory to pass second phase in order to get promoted into the third phase.

Third phase:

The third phase lasts for one and half year. Apart from theoretical teaching and bed-side clinical teaching, a nine-week community placement takes place in this phase. After this, junior internship in last six months of rotation takes place.


Final examination takes place in all clinical disciplines. It is compulsory to pass third phase in order to successfully pass MBBS degree.


Students should take compulsory one year rotating internship training and then they can take part in the examination conducted by Nepal Medical Council (NMC) and practice allopathic system of medicine in Nepal to get registered.

Fee structure of MBBS:

Institute of Medicine (IOM), Tribhuvan University offers full scholarship of 42+1 seats to the deserving students who come at the top positions in the entrance examination. Beside this, other private institutes charge very huge fee for the degree of MBBS. It is one of the most costly undergraduate programs of Nepal. The fee structure of this course is so high that the fee structure of this course has become very controversial and highly debated topic in Medical Sector of Nepal. The cost of MBBS ranges from Nrs. 25 lakhs to Nrs. 50 Lakhs in Nepal.

List of Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery Colleges

Below is the list of colleges for Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery program under Tribhuvan University in Nepal.

Objectives of Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery

MBBS program aims to deliver the following kind of objectives to the students:

  • To indoctrinate the learners in cognitive, psychomotor, and affected spheres.
  • To be competent in managing district health care at the district hospital in Nepal.
  • To impart students adequate knowledge of complicated health related problems.
  • To identify which kind of health problems must be referred to other health institutions and which can be treated spontaneously.

Admission Requirements in Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery

Eligibility Criteria:

  • Students must have to pass Proficiency level in Medical Science under two and a half years academic program of Tribhuvan University with the major subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology and English Or must have to pass Proficiency level in general science with the major subjects like Physics, Chemistry, botany, Zoology and English.
  • Must have to pass Intermediate level (10+2) or Higher Secondary Education or equivalent level with General Science  from University/ Boards recognized by Tribhuvan University with 50% aggregate marks.
  • Need to complete all the application procedure of entrance examination and candidates must have to appear in the entrance exam and must have to pass the entrance exam conducted by Institute Of Medicine. After the entrance exam, the Institute of Medicine will publish a merit list and then students will be selected on the basis of merit list.

Entrance preparation of MBBS:

Passing the entrance exam of MBBS degree and securing the seats in the top medical colleges of Nepal is very challenging and tough task. Getting the full scholarship from Tribhuvan University is a goal that every student set to achieve. There are hundreds and thousands of entrance preparation institutes in our country who provide classes to large numbers of MBBS aspirants.

In fact, entrance preparation is a big business in Nepal. Most of the institutes charge hefty sum (Rs. 15000-Rs. 20000 per student) for three to four month course. Most of the students take entrance preparation classes, as it is very helpful. Those institutes conduct classes in different shifts and run mock test every day and every weekend to increase the capacity and confidence of students. Generally, this business of entrance preparation takes place after the completion of plus two exam but students of Kathmandu prefer to take classes after their 11 exam is over. However, students out of Kathmandu valley take these classes after their 12 exam. In this entrance preparation, NAME and VIBRANT are the key players. There is a big competition among these two education providers for enrolling large number of students in their institutes. Most of the students who pass MBBS entrance exam are generally from these two institutes.  

Entrance Exam:

Entrance exam is of 100 marks. The Physics and chemistry is of 30 marks each, Zoology and Botany is of 20 marks each. The form submission notice generally gets published in any one month of Ashad, shrawan or bhadra. Entrance exam generally takes place at Ashwin first week of Ashwin. More than 10,000 students compete for few hundred seats. 

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery Syllabus

Scope and Career Prospects

Every one of us is very familiar with the doctor’s scope. Every sick person visits the doctor and often most of us are very well familiarized to what doctor does. From hospitals to nursing home, fitness to nutrition, surgery to prescribing medicine, everywhere there is a need of doctors. Doctor is the key player of the Medical sector and this holistic profession has tremendous scope.

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