Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is a four-and-a-half-year program, followed by one year of internship training. MBBS is one of the most valued degrees in Nepalese society. The undergraduate medical program, known as MBBS, was started by Tribhuvan University (TU) in 1978. Medical education, such as MBBS, is community-oriented, integrated, and problem-based.
The curriculum of MBBS signifies innovation in medical education. The timely exposure of " graduates in line; to a community-based learning system, medical ethics, and clinical teaching motivates them towards self-learning and raises awareness of the importance of this esteemed degree. The course of study for the MBBS degree has been divided into three phases, which are as follows:
Course of Study
During the first two years (First Phase), community medicine, basic medical sciences, ethics, and clinical exposure take place. Students must pass all subjects to be promoted to the second phase.
A final examination takes place in all clinical disciplines. It is compulsory to pass the third phase to successfully complete the MBBS degree.
Students must complete a compulsory one-year rotating internship training. Afterward, they can take part in the examination conducted by the Nepal Medical Council (NMC) and practice allopathic medicine in Nepal to get registered.
Fee Structure of MBBS:
The Institute of Medicine (IOM), Tribhuvan University, offers full scholarships to 42+1 deserving students who rank at the top positions in the entrance examination. Besides this, other private institutes charge very high fees for the MBBS degree. It is one of the most costly undergraduate programs in Nepal. The fee structure of this program has become a controversial and highly debated topic in the medical sector of Nepal. The cost of MBBS ranges from Nrs. 25 lakhs to Nrs. 50 lakhs in Nepal.
The MBBS program aims to deliver the following objectives to the students:
The eligibility criteria for; the Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery program are as follows:
Students can be eligible by studying Physics, Chemistry, and Biology subjects and achieving a minimum of 50% or 2.4 CGPA/GPA in total at 10+2 level from a recognized educational institution.
Students with a qualification in A-level or an equivalent grading system, studying Physics, Chemistry, and Biology subjects and achieving a minimum of 50% or 2.4 CGPA/GPA in total or its equivalent.
In health science-related qualifications or diplomas (General Medicine, Medical Laboratory Technology, Ophthalmic Science, Dental Science, Pharmacy, Radiography, Ayurveda, Physiotherapy), obtaining a minimum of 50% aggregate marks or equivalent in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology subjects, as well as achieving a minimum of 50% or 2.4 CGPA/GPA from the National Examination Board in Class 12 Science Group or its equivalent, and being registered with the relevant council will be necessary.
MBBS Entrance Preparation:
Passing the entrance exam for an MBBS degree and securing seats in the top medical colleges of Nepal is a challenging and tough task. Achieving a full scholarship from Tribhuvan University is a goal that every student sets out to achieve. There are numerous entrance preparation institutes in the country that provide classes to a large number of MBBS aspirants.
Entrance preparation has become a significant business in Nepal, with most institutes charging a hefty sum (Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 20,000 per student) for a three to the four-month course. Many students opt for these classes as they are highly beneficial. These institutes conduct classes in different shifts and hold mock tests regularly to enhance the capacity and confidence of the students. Generally, entrance preparation begins after the completion of the 12th-grade exams.
However, students from outside the Kathmandu Valley start taking these classes after their 12th-grade exams. In this field of entrance preparation, NAME and VIBRANT are the key players, competing to enroll a large number of students in their institutes. Most of the students who pass the MBBS entrance exam come from these two institutes.
The entrance exam is out of 100 marks. Physics and Chemistry carry 30 marks each, while Zoology and Botany carry 20 marks each. The notice for form submission is generally published in the months of Ashad, Shrawan, or Bhadra. The entrance exam usually takes place in the first week of Ashwin. More than 10,000 students compete for a few hundred seats.
Every one of us is very familiar with the scope of a doctor. Whenever a person falls sick, they visit a doctor, and most of us are well aware of what a doctor does. From hospitals to nursing homes, fitness to nutrition, surgery to prescribing medicine, doctors are needed everywhere. A doctor is a key player in the medical sector, and this holistic profession has tremendous scope.