Education in Nepal

Before any great things are accomplished, a memorable change must be made in the system of education…to raise the lower ranks of society nearer to the higher.

History of education is as long as human history. Education began in archaic. Generally, adult taught their young ones to give the knowledge and skills deemed crucial in their society. In the preliterate community, education was achieved through imitation. People used to impart knowledge through story sharing, values and experience sharing. There were no formal schools and teachers. But thoroughly formal education commenced in Europe and extended throughout the world.

While talking about Nepali education, it is as old as its history of existence. It was long based on home-schooling and ‘Gurukuls’ but later on, the foremost recognized school was established in 1853 which was anticipated for the privileged group. But after the birth of democracy in 1951, many schools were opened to the diverse population.

After the establishment of democracy, education developed rapidly. In 1971 Nepal’s education plan hastened its development in the country and fifty years down the line, so many things have happened. The number of schools and colleges has been increased drastically which helped to increase our literacy rate. Many people started going school and colleges as they understood the essence of education. After the germination of the educational environment, social and political knowledge spread throughout the nation. Now and then the country witnessed major political changes and revolutions, which institutionalized slogan like ‘education for all.’

Many countries have adopted modern approaches of an education system. They have done remarkable progress in research and invented the modern tools and technology for education. Likewise different work has been carried out to implement better education system in Nepal. The government is slowly prioritizing pragmatic learning approach. Many public and private institutions are adopting the modern approach to teaching and learning. Private sector investment is also helping in the overall development of the education system in Nepal which is a positive attribute for the overall development of the country.

Problems like lack of Budget, infrastructure and absentees of government in implementing proper education system has left Nepal far behind in the global arena. Moreover lack of focus towards international collaborations and foreign associations we haven’t been able to standardize our education in a global scope. So from this entire scenario it seems that education programs were never designed as per the need to support development internally, and to maintain standards accessing the global job markets, externally.

Nepal is geographically unique and diverse. Nature has gifted us pretty much of potential. If we are able to formulate and implement the proper plans and policies then it is not far that Nepal could be the education hub in research and innovation for international students. This may gradually develop the Nepali education system and Nepal can march in the way of sustainable development.

Education is the key to unlock the golden door of freedom. But Nepal is still not sincere in implementing relevant and new education system. What should the government do in order to enhance the quality of education in Nepal? What should be the policy and where we could be? To find out all the answers, Colleges Nepal talked with some popular educationalist of Nepal. Enjoy reading, these inspirational personas - Prof. Dr.Ghanshyam Lal Das, Prof. Dr. Sudha Tripathi, Dr. Hari Lamsal, and Prof. Dr. Mana Prasad Wagle.

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